Headwear Part III: The Tiara–Norris

In the thirteenth century, the papal tiara evolved with a cone shape, growing taller. The peak had an egg shape, and the bottom was adorned with a headband. Styles included vertical or crisscross bands of gold, while the cap remained white linen or cloth of gold. Gems and pearls adorned the tiara. St. Gregory is depicted wearing a thirteenth-century tiara with a vertical band, while Pope Clement IV’s tiara had crisscross bands. Clement, presenting the crown of the Two Sicilies, wore a gold tiara adorned with jewels and fleurons.